Marathi months does not exactly match with English. There are time periods in English months which actually maps to Marathi months.
Here i provide some information about Marathi months. When i was in school teachers learned us these Marathi months but these day you can only see this information in one corner of Marathi calendar.
List of Months-
1)चैत्र -Chaitra- April to May
Chaitra begin with new moon. First month of year it celebrate with Gudi Padwa,its moth of springs and holi. This is first month of hindu calendar.
2)वैशाख-Vaishakh- May to June
Vaishakh is season of crop harvesting. Second month of hindu calendar.
3)ज्येष्ठ- Jeshta – June to July
Maharashtra celebrate vat purnima in this month. Third month of hindu calendar.
4)आषाठ/ आकाड- Ashad/akad- July to August
Gurupurnima and ashadi ekadashi celebrate in this month. Fourth month of hindu calendar.
5)श्रावण-Shravan – August to September
Celebrating Naagpanchimi and Narali purnima in this month. Fifth month of hindu calendar.
6)भाद्रपद-Bhadrapad- September to October
This is festive of Ganesh chaturthi which celebrate in Maharashtra. Sixth month of hindu calendar.
7)आश्विन- Ashwin -October to November
Navratri, Durga puja, Kojagiri, Dasra, Diwali these all festival celebrate in ashwin month. Seventh month of hindu calendar.
8)कार्त्तिक -Kartik- November to December
Bhaubeej celerate in kartik month. Eighth month of hindu calendar.
9)मार्गशीर्ष – Margashirshya – Dec to January
Margashirsh Lakshmi puja means worship of godess lakshmi in this month. Ninth month of hindu calendar.
10)पौष/पुस – Paush/pus – Jan to February
Paush amavasya celebrate in this month. Tenth month of hindu calendar.
11)माघ – Maagh- February to March
12)फाल्गुन – faalgun – March to April
This is last month in hindu calendar. Celebrate holi in this month. Twelve month of hindu calendar.